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Table of contents
Cancer of the Skin. Caplan's Stroke.
List of Books from A to Z
Capsule Endoscopy. Carbohydrate Chemistry, Biology and Medical Applications. Cardiac Catheterization. Cardiac Catheterization Handbook, The. Cardiac Electrophysiology: From Cell to Bedside. Cardiac Imaging: Case Review Series. Cardiac Imaging: The Requisites. Cardiac Intensive Care. Cardiac Surgery: Operative Technique.
Cardiology Secrets. Cardiothoracic Critical Care. Cardiovascular Imaging. Cardiovascular Imaging Review. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. Cardiovascular Physiology. Carranza's Clinical Periodontology. Cartilage Surgery. Case Reviews in Ophthalmology. Cases in Adult Congenital Heart Disease. Cases in Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy. Cases in Interventional Cardiology.
Casting Aluminum Alloys. Cataract Surgery. Catheter Ablation of Cardiac Arrhythmias. Cell Biology. Cellular Physiology and Neurophysiology. Cellular Transplantation. Cellular and Molecular Immunology. Centrifugal Separations in Biotechnology. Cerebral Revascularization. Change Management Revised Edition. Change, Conflict and Community. The Changing World of the Trainer. Characterization of Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures.
Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces. Chemical Engineering. Chemical Kinetics. Chemical Process Equipment Third Edition. The Chemistry of Pincer Compounds. Chemometrics in Spectroscopy. Chesley's Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy. Chest Radiology. Chestnut's Obstetric Anesthesia: Principles and Practice.
Chiral Analysis. The Chlamydomonas Sourcebook. The Cholesterol Wars. Chou's Electrocardiography in Clinical Practice. Chronic Kidney Disease, Dialysis, and Transplantation. Churchill's Pocketbook of Diabetes. Cisco Router and Switch Forensics. Citrus Fruit. City Spaces - Tourist Places. Classical and Modern Direction-of-Arrival Estimation. Climate Change. Climate Change and Cultural Dynamics. Clinical Asthma.
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- 3rd Edition!
- Build Your Own Brick House.
- The Handbook of Advanced Pediatric Life Support?
- Surgical Techniques Books | Booktopia.
- Islamic Finance and Law: Theory and Practice in a Globalized World (International Library of Economics).
- The House of Rothschild: Moneys Prophets, 1789-1848?
Clinical Cases in Anesthesia. Clinical Chemistry.
Clinical Critical Care Medicine. Clinical Decision Support. Clinical Diagnosis in Ophthalmology. Clinical Doppler Ultrasound. Clinical Electrocardiography: A Simplified Approach. Clinical Examination. Clinical Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Clinical Gynecologic Oncology. Clinical Hematology.
Clinical Immunology. Clinical Interventional Oncology. Clinical Management of Thyroid Disease. Clinical Men's Health. Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Clinical Mycology. Clinical Neurotoxicology: Syndromes, Substances, Environments. Clinical Ophthalmic Oncology. Clinical Ophthalmology: A Systematic Approach.
Clinical Ophthalmology: a Synopsis. Clinical Pharmacology. Clinical Procedures in Primary Eye Care. Clinical Radiation Oncology. Clinical Recognition of Congenital Heart Disease. Clinical Reproductive Medicine and Surgery. Clinical Respiratory Medicine. Clinical Review of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Clinical Simulation. Clinical Sports Medicine. Clinical Ultrasound. Clinical Wards Secrets. Clinical and Translational Science. Close-Up and Macro Photography. Cognitive Radio Technology Second Edition. Cohen's Pathways of the Pulp.
Cohesive Sediments in Open Channels. Cold Spray Technology. Collaborative Leadership. Collisional Effects on Molecular Spectra. Color Atlas of Clinical Hematology. Color Atlas of Cosmetic Oculofacial Surgery. Color Atlas of Dental Implant Surgery. Color Textbook of Histology. Color Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology. Colorectal Surgery. Colour Atlas of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery. Combustion Fourth Edition. Community Pharmacy: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment. Companion to Psychiatric Studies.
Comparative Elite Sport Development. Competitive Electricity Markets. Complementary and Alternative Therapies and the Aging Population. Complications in Anesthesia. Complications in Dermatologic Surgery. Complications in Head and Neck Surgery. Complications of Urologic Surgery: Prevention and Management. Composite Repair. Composite Structures Second Edition. Compostable Polymer Materials. Comprehensive Clinical Nephrology.
Comprehensive Cytopathology. Comprehensive Dermatologic Drug Therapy. Comprehensive Gynecology. Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine. Comprehensive Hypertension. Comprehensive Pediatric Hospital Medicine. Comprehensive Pediatric Nephrology. Comprehensive Treatment of the Aging Spine, The. Comprehensive Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. Comprehensive and Molecular Phytopathology. Compressibility, Turbulence and High Speed Flow. Computation of Supersonic Flow over Flying Configurations.
Computational Fluid Dynamics. Computational Fluid Dynamics in Fire Engineering. Computational Intelligence. Computational Materials Engineering. Computational Neuroscience in Epilepsy. Computational Techniques for Multiphase Flows. Computer and Information Security Handbook. Concert Lighting Third Edition. Concise Histology. Concrete Structures. Conferences and Conventions Second Edition. Congenital Heart Disease in Adults. Conn's Current Therapy Consciousness Transitions. Consciousness and Cognition.
Construction Delays Second Edition. Consultative Hemostasis and Thrombosis. Consumer Behaviour in Sport and Events. Contact Lens Complications. Contemporary Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Contemporary Tourism. Controlling Collaboration Between Firms. Core Knowledge in Orthopaedics: Trauma. Core Knowledge in Orthopedics: Foot and Ankle.
Core Pathology. Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery. Core Psychiatry. Core Techniques in Operative Neurosurgery. Core Topics in General and Emergency Surgery. Cornea Atlas. Corneal Surgery: Theory, Technique and Tissue. Coronary Stenting. Corporate Governance. Cosmetic Dermatology.
Cosmetic Facial Surgery. Cosmetic and Reconstructive Breast Surgery. Cottrell and Young's Neuroanesthesia. Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives. Crack Analysis in Structural Concrete. Crash Course: Anatomy. Crash Course: Immunology. Creating Valuable Business Strategies. Creative Photoshop CS4. Crime Reconstruction. Critical Care Nephrology. Critical Care Secrets. Critical Care Ultrasound. Critical Care Ultrasound Manual. Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering. Critical Heart Disease in Infants and Children. Critical Issues in Ecotourism. The Critical Turn in Tourism Studies.
Crop Physiology. Cross Site Scripting Attacks. Crush Step 1. Crush Step 3 CCS. Cryoablation of Cardiac Arrhythmias. Cryptography for Developers. Cult of Analytics. Current Clinical Medicine. Current Surgical Therapy. Current Therapy in Colon and Rectal Surgery. Current Therapy in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Current Therapy in Orthodontics. Current Therapy in Pain.
Customer Service Intelligence. Customizable Embedded Processors. Cutaneous and Cosmetic Laser Surgery. Cyber Crime Investigations. Dacie and Lewis Practical Haematology. Data Mining and Predictive Analysis. Database Archiving. Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine. Daylighting, Architecture and Health.
Dermatologic Surgery. Dermatologic Surgery Tips and Techniques. Dermatologic and Cosmetic Procedures in Office Practice. Dermatological Signs of Internal Disease. Dermatology Essentials. Dermatology Secrets Plus. Dermatology: An Illustrated Colour Text. Dermatopathology: High-Yield Pathology. Desert Olive Oil Cultivation. Design Criteria for Mosques and Islamic Centers.
Design of Industrial Information Systems. Designer Surfaces. Designing Storage for Exchange SP1. Developer's Guide to Web Application Security. Developing Change Leaders. Developing Human, The. Developing Practical Wireless Applications. Developing Solid Oral Dosage Forms. Developing Virtual Reality Applications. Development for High Performance Revised Edition. Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics. Developments in Tourism Research. Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment of Discogenic Pain.
Diagnostic Atlas of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. Diagnostic Atlas of Melanocytic Pathology. Diagnostic Cytopathology. Diagnostic Cytopathology Essentials. Diagnostic Gynecologic and Obstetric Pathology. Diagnostic Histopathology of Tumors. Diagnostic Imaging for the Emergency Physician. Diagnostic Immunohistochemistry: Theranostic and Genomic Applications. Diagnostic Pathology of Infectious Disease. Diagnostic Pediatric Surgical Pathology. Diagnostic Problems in Breast Pathology.
Diagnostic Surgical Pathology of the Head and Neck. Dictionary of Distances. Dielectric Elastomers as Electromechanical Transducers. Dielectric Materials for Wireless Communication. Differential Diagnosis in Surgical Pathology. Differential Diagnosis of Common Complaints. Diffusion MRI. Digital Art Masters. Digital Communications with Chaos. Digital Control Engineering. Digital Design and Computer Architecture. Digital Landscape Photography. Digital Modeling of Material Appearance. Digital Painting in Photoshop. Digital Signal Processing. Digital Storage in Consumer Electronics.
Digital Video Recorders. Digital Video and DSP. Digital Watermarking and Steganography Second Edition. Dimensions of Dignity at Work. Disappearing Cryptography Third Edition. Disaster Medicine. Discrete Cosine and Sine Transforms. Distributed Source Coding. Don't Blame the Tools. Driving Climate Change. Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation.
Drugs and the Future. Drugs for the Heart. Dubois' Lupus Erythematosus and Related Syndromes. Due Diligence Handbook. Dynamic Aquaria Third Edition. Dynamic Echocardiography. E-discovery: Creating and Managing an Enterprisewide Program. ESL Design and Verification. Easy Injections. Echocardiography in Congenital Heart Disease. Echocardiography in Heart Failure.
Ecological Geography of the Sea Second Edition. Ecological Understanding Second Edition. Ecology of Insular Southeast Asia. Economic Capital. Ecotourism Second Edition. Effective Communications. Effective Prototyping for Software Makers. Effective Prototyping with Excel. Elasticity Second Edition. Elbow and Its Disorders, The. Electrical Engineering Second Edition. Electrical Submersible Pumps Manual. Electricity for the Entertainment Electrician and Technician. Electroacoustic Devices: Microphones and Loudspeakers. Electrochemical Sensors, Biosensors and their Biomedical Applications.
Electrochemistry for Materials Science. Electrocorrosion and Protection of Metals. Electrodiagnostic Medicine. Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Systems. Electromyography and Neuromuscular Disorders. Electromyography in Clinical Practice. Electronic Exchanges. Electronic Security Systems. Electronic and Algorithmic Trading Technology. Electronic, Atomic and Molecular Calculations. Electrophysiological Disorders of the Hear. Elementary Methods of Molecular Quantum Mechanics. Elsevier's Integrated Histology.
Elsevier's Integrated Neuroscience. Elsevier's Integrated Pathology. Elsevier's Integrated Physiology. Elsevier's Integrated Review Biochemistry. Elsevier's Integrated Review Genetics. Elsevier's Integrated Review Immunology and Microbiology. Elsevier's Integrated Review Pharmacology.
Embedded Linux Development Using Eclipse. Embedded Systems. Emergency Medicine. Emergency Medicine Secrets. Emergency Radiology: Case Review Series. Emergency Radiology: The Requisites. Emergency Ultrasound: Principles and Practice. Emerging Nanotechnologies for Manufacturing. Emery's Elements of Medical Genetics.
Emotion in Education. Emulsions and Oil Treating Equipment. Enabling the Agile Enterprise.https://belgacar.com/components/gsm-espion/un-mouchard-sur-portable.php
The Parkland Trauma Handbook
Encapsulation Technologies for Electronic Applications. Encounters with Children.
- Punk Rock Dad: No Rules, Just Real Life?
- Quick medical gs.
- People-centred Businesses: Co-operatives, Mutuals and the Idea of Membership.
- Modern Japanese Fiction and Its Traditions: An Introduction.
- Professional Java User Interfaces.
- Field Matter Interactions in Thermoelastic Solids.
- Viral Pathogenesis and Immunity.
Encyclopedia of Insects Second Edition. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals Second Edition. Encyclopedia of the Solar System Second Edition. Endocrine Secrets. Endocrine Surgery. Endocrine and Reproductive Physiology. Endovascular Surgery. Enemy at the Water Cooler. Energy Optimization in Process Systems. Engine Testing Third Edition. Environment-Induced Cracking of Materials. Environmental Geochemistry. Enzinger and Weiss's Soft Tissue Tumors. Epilepsy Syndromes. Essence of Anesthesia Practice.
Essential Applications of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Rheumatology. Essential Clinical Procedures. Essential Computer Security. Essential Echocardiography. The Essential Guide to Image Processing. The Essential Guide to Video Processing. Essential Interventional Cardiology. Essential Neuromodulation. Essential Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Essential Orthopaedics. Essential Orthopaedics and Trauma. Essential Surgery: Problems, Diagnosis and Management.
Essentials of Anaesthetic Equipment. Essentials of Cardiac Anesthesia. Essentials of Neuroanesthesia and Neurointensive Care. Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Imaging. Essentials of Ophthalmology. Essentials of Pain Medicine. Essentials of Radiology. Essentials of Surgery. Essentials of Surgical Oncology. Essentials of The Human Brain. Estuarine Ecohydrology.
Eukaryotic Transcription Factors Fifth edition. Evaluating Children's Interactive Products. Evaluating Information Systems. Evidence-Based Addiction Treatment. Evidence-Based Adjunctive Treatments. Evidence-Based Manual Medicine. Evidence-Based Medical Consultation. Evidence-Based Physical Diagnosis. Evidence-Based Practice in Palliative Medicine. Evidence-Based Practice of Anesthesiology. Evidence-Based Practice of Critical Care.
Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea. Exchange Behavior in Selling and Sales Management. Executing Data Quality Projects. Exercise and the Heart. Extranodal Lymphomas. Eye Movements. Fabrication and Design of Resonant Microdevices. Facial Rejuvenation Surgery. Facilities Management Handbook Fourth Edition. Family Medicine Obstetrics. Fault-Tolerant Systems. Felson's Principles of Chest Roentgenology Text.
Female Urology. Femtochemistry VII. Fenichel's Clinical Pediatric Neurology. Ferri's Clinical Advisor Ferri's Differential Diagnosis. Ferri's Fast Facts in Dermatology. Ferri's Netter Patient Advisor Fetal Cardiovascular Imaging. Fetal Medicine. Fetal and Neonatal Physiology. Fetal and Neonatal Secrets. Fiber Bragg Gratings Second Edition.
Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques.
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Field Guide to Wilderness Medicine. Fieldbus Systems and Their Applications Filters and Filtration Handbook Fifth Edition. Finance Director's Handbook Fifth Edition. Financial Management Revised Edition. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology. Fire Debris Analysis. Fix It In Post. Flaps and Grafts in Dermatologic Surgery.
Flaps and Reconstructive Surgery. Flight Dynamic Principles Second Edition. Flow Induced Vibrations. Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid Based Physiology. Fluorine and Health. The Foley Grail. Food Allergy. Food Process Engineering and Technology. Food Toxicants Analysis. Forecasting Expected Returns in the Financial Markets. Forensic Art Essentials. Forensic Comparative Science. Forensic Neuropathology. Forensic Science Under Siege. Forest Ecosystems Third Edition.
Forfar and Arneil's Textbook of Paediatrics. Forms that Work. Foundations of Comparative Genomics. Foundations of Stress Waves. Fracture Management for Primary Care. Fractures and Injuries of the Distal Radius and Carpus. Fractures of the Proximal Femur: Improving Outcomes. Frontiers of Molecular Spectroscopy. Functional Analysis in Clinical Treatment. Functional and Dysfunctional Sexual Behavior. Fundamental Neuroscience. Fundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications.
Fundamentals of Air Pollution Fourth Edition. Fundamentals of Body CT. Fundamentals of Body MRI. Fundamentals of Fund Administration. Fundamentals of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound. Fundamentals of Nuclear Reactor Physics. Fundamentals of Osteoporosis. Fundamentals of Risk Management for Accountants and Managers. Fundamentals of Skeletal Radiology. Fundamentals of Sleep Medicine. Fundamentals of Toxicologic Pathology Second Edition. Future Directions in Biocatalysis. Future Energy.
The Future of the Financial Exchanges. GUI Bloopers 2. Gas Turbines. Gas Well Deliquification Second Edition. Gasification Second Edition. Gass' Atlas of Macular Diseases. Gastroenterology and Nutrition: Neonatology Questions and Controversies. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in Practice.
Gastrointestinal Imaging: Case Review Series. Gastrointestinal Imaging: The Requisites. Gastrointestinal Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Pathology. Gay and Lesbian Tourism. Gene Therapy of Cancer. General Dermatology. General Philosophy of Science. Generalisation of Geographic Information.
Generating Electricity in a Carbon-Constrained World. Genetic Diagnosis of Endocrine Disorders. Genetic Diseases of the Kidney. Genitourinary Imaging: Case Review Series. Genitourinary Pathology. Genomic and Personalized Medicine. Geometric Algebra for Computer Science. Geotechnical Engineering Calculations and Rules of Thumb. Geothermal Energy. Geothermal Power Plants Second Edition. Geriatric Clinical Advisor.
Germanium-Based Technologies. Glaucoma Volume 1: Medical Diagnosis and Therapy. Glaucoma Volume 2: Surgical Management. Global Issues in Food Science and Technology. Global Regulatory Issues for the Cosmetics Industry. Gluten-Free Cereal Products and Beverages. Goldman's Cecil Medicine.
Google Hacking for Penetration Testers Volume 2. Google Talking. Grainger and Allison's Diagnostic Radiology. Gray's Anatomy. Gray's Anatomy for Students. Gray's Basic Anatomy. Gray's Dissection Guide for Human Anatomy. Green Chemistry and Engineering.
Green's Operative Hand Surgery. Griffith's Instructions for Patients. Groovy Programming. Ground Penetrating Radar Theory and Applications. Groundwater Hydrology of Springs. Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology. Gynecologic Imaging: Expert Radiology Series. HIV Prevention. General description: Developed by the U. Calculation: This score includes more than diagnoses in which each injury is assigned a number from 1 to 6, where 1 is a minor injury, 5 is a critical injury and 6 is an intractable, fatal injury. Limitations: There are performance drawbacks in penetrating injuries, hypothermia, burns, electric injuries and smoke inhalation.
General description: This score is used for the classification of multiple-trauma patients. Each injury is given up to 6 points and the score describes six regions of the body 3 :. External: including all skin injuries such as lacerations, abrasions or burns. Limbs: including pelvis. Calculation: The calculation is made using the same codes assigned to each of the diagnoses included in the AIS, grouped according to the 6 regions of the body.
The highest AIS points are taken into consideration, one for every region of the body. These are then squared and then the scores for the three most affected different anatomic regions are added. The sum total is the ISS score, which ranges from 1 to This latter score can be reached only with an AIS score of 5 in three different regions of the body.
When an injury is given a score of 6 in the AIS, a score of 75 is assigned automatically in the ISS without considering other areas. Limitations: Because it considers only 3 different regions of the body with the highest score and only measures one injury per region, its most important limitation is in penetrating trauma.
Consequently, severe injuries with a high score are masked because they are in the same area of the body, given that involvement of other organs is not considered. Findings in the literature: A cohort study analyzed patients to explore differences in several ISS and AIS score ranges according to the mechanism of injury. Calculation: The score is calculated the same way as the ISS sum square of the three most severe injuries , but without discriminating by body region.
Limitations: No differences in performance have been found between the ISS and NISS in patients with penetrating trauma, and the NISS could overestimate severity by assigning higher severity to an injury in the same body region than to an injury that is not as severe in another region. Findings in the literature: A study conducted in Canada in 15, patients with blunt trauma compared patients with the worst two lesions in different regions of the body DR, different region with patients with the two worst injuries in the same region SR, Same region , excluding external injuries.
Mortality can also be predicted using the TMPM-ICD-9, the difference being the use of the ICD-9, which is the most widely used system in the administrative area 8 and is more widely available in our setting. Limitations: The need for a regression model may make it more difficult to apply. Although several studies have shown superiority of the TMPM, evidence is scant and additional research is required for validation and widespread application.
Calculation: It evaluates spontaneous ocular opening, ocular opening in response to a verbal command, or to a painful stimulus, or absence of response. Verbal response classifies the patient as "oriented" when oriented in terms of time, place and person; "confused" when the patient can verbalize phrases or words but is not oriented; "inappropriate words" if only monosyllables or exclamatory speech are used; or "incomprehensible sounds" if no verbal response is obtained but some form of sound is perceived; and "none" if there is no verbal response.
If not, it is assessed using a painful stimulus to determine if the patient localizes the pain, withdraws the part of the body receiving the stimulus, shows abnormal body flexion or extension, or if response is absent. Limitations: Although it is a very useful tool, accuracy is lost in patients who are intubated, sedated or with orbital trauma 26 and in patients with primary abnormalities of the sensory organs.
Prediction of other clinically significant outcomes like ICU length of stay or survival is highly variable. Findings in the literature: Motor response is the most important of the three variables because of its significance as a prognostic factor. General description: The TS severity score assesses circulatory system function using systolic arterial pressure SAP and capillary filling; of the respiratory system using heart rate HR and respiratory expansion; and of the central nervous system CNS using the GCS.
However, capillary filling and respiratory expansion are difficult parameters to assess, and it has been found that when these were used, the TS underestimated the severity of HI. RTS: It is the sum of the values listed above but modified by constants derived from a logistic regression model for mortality.
The result ranges between 0 and 7. Findings in the literature: A study conducted in patients over 65 years of age to determine the accuracy of ISS and RTS in predicting mortality and length of stay found that these two scores predicted mortality adequately but did not correlate with hospital length of stay.
General description: It was developed when Champion et al. It was developed based on the data from the Major Trauma Outcome Study 36,37 and is an estimate of the probability of survival, with a result between 0 and 1. Calculation: Probability of survival Ps is calculated using the following formula 34 :. Limitations: Mortality is the single predicted outcome, the process of gathering the information is complex, coefficients b x should be updated constantly, and considering that it is based on the ISS and RTS, it shares the limitations of these two models.
The new model was developed on the basis of , trauma admissions in various hospitals between and and includes the following predictors: age, modified ISS, GCS, sex, and sex-age interaction. The original study showed an AUC of 0. General description: This score uses the physiological parameters of the RTS, age, and the anatomical profile. Overall, it consists of 4 variables used in the following formula 27 :. Limitations: Compared to the TRISS, it has a slightly higher predictive value, but its calculation is far more complicated. Findings in the literature: Champion et al. General description: Developed by the German Society of Trauma, this score includes laboratory parameters such as base deficit, haemoglobin and partial thromboplastin time, and interventions like cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR , improving discrimination and calibration when compared with the previous models.
The coefficients and the formula are available in the referenced literature. It was developed from data collected between and , creating the possibility of overestimating the risk of death if compared with the information from recent years. The GCS was replaced with motor function assessment, and pupillary reactivity and size were included.
In the RISC score, patients with missing data were excluded or normal values were assumed. In contrast, in the RISC II score, missing values are classified in a different category which is assigned a coefficient of zero and does not affect patient prognosis. There is currently a wide variety of scores - anatomical, physiological or combined - for the assessment of trauma patients, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Anatomical scores require more time to complete because of injury assessment and classification and, consequently, they are seldom used during the event. Moreover, variability among evaluators is high.
The challenge with physiological scores is to make predictions based on trauma patient physiology, which may vary considerably even in a matter of hours, rendering them inaccurate, and resulting in delayed patient care. Combined scores are the most comprehensive and, therefore, their application is more complex.
It is difficult to select the most adequate score and there is a need to take into consideration factors like missing patient information, suitability in terms of outcomes, reproducibility, and variability after trauma, among others. The selection decision is based on practice, evidence and context, because prediction and classification of the individual subject is a process that requires more input than just score.
It is difficult to achieve the ideal score, but it is important to be aware of the available scores in order to improve treatment for trauma patients. Present and future research will help determine the true applicability and usefulness of trauma scores, as well as their ability to support decision-making in the individual patient. McDougal JL. The parkland trauma handbook: mobile medicine series, 3, 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Health Sciences; Injury severity scoring: influence of trauma surgeon involvement on accuracy. J Trauma Nurs.
The injury severity score: a method for describing patients with multiple injuries and evaluating emergency care. J Trauma. Lefering R. Trauma scoring systems. Curr Opin Crit Care. Progress in characterizing anatomic injury. J Trauma ; Application of abbreviated injury scale and injury severity score in fatal cases with abdominopelvic injuries.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol. Ann Surg. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. Specific abbreviated injury scale values are responsible for the underestimation of mortality in penetrating trauma patients by the injury severity score. Triage and Injury Severity Scores as predictors of mortality and hospital admission for injuries: a validation study. Accid Anal Prev. A modification of the injury severity score that both improves accuracy and simplifies scoring.
An overview of the injury severity score and the new injury severity score. Inj Prev. Husum H, Strada G. Prehosp Disaster Med. The worst injury predicts mortality outcome the best: rethinking the role of multiple injuries in trauma outcome scoring. Two worst injuries in different body regions are associated with higher mortality than two wors injuries in the same body region.